Retrofitting Aging Power Plants with Wireless Technology
Using OSF and IIoT wired & wireless technologies to publish remote sensor data into OSIsoft PI
A privately owned, power plant in eastern Canada provides 95%of the electricity for 500,000 residential, commercial and industrial customers across the province. It also has sister plants in the USA and the Caribbean.
The Canadian location produces over 10,000 GW hours of electricity each year with 2,453 MW delivered across 32,000 km of transmission and distribution lines. Customers rely on this power every moment of every day and expect sustainable energy solutions for the future. Fuel sources used to generate the electricity include coal, hydro, wind, biomass, tidal, oil and natural gas. The plant is gradually shifting from primarily coal to a more balanced mix of natural fuels and renewable energy sources.
This business transformation also meant the opportunity to transform and upgrade data technology, in parallel, potentially across all plant locations:
- Support asset management, invest in and take advantage of new technologies
- Capture data to measure and prove the case for renewable resource investments
- Reduce operating costs and increase efficiencies
- Automate manual readings for older, non-instrumented devices
- Proactively monitor, predict and head off impending problems
Some of the challenges were an infrastructure that was 35 to 50 years old yet still functional, a lack of hardwire connections to DCS systems, and spotty availability of AC power around the plant.
The goal was to retrofit the power plant’s assets with real-time instrumentation in a cost-effective manner.
The following solution criteria was defined:
- Easy to install and easy to maintain
- Able to connect data to a PI server
- PI tags to record base instrument readings
- Digital reading to replace costly manual data collection
- Digital readings would augment equipment models
- Cost effective,off-the shelf (ie, no project delay)
Remote sensors to be monitored:
- Housing vibration – accelerometer
- housing temperature – custom sensor provided extreme low-power demand, powered from node
- ambient air temperature – analyzing heat differentials
- liquid temperature (thermocouple) – valve positioning or potential leakages
- motor current (0 to 430 Amps) for larger motors
- pipe temperature (+30 to +120 °F) – differentials around major valves
- Customer service and technical support ongoing availability
- Anticipate future, locations-wide adoption
Various solution providers were contacted and a mix of wireless and wired solution ready packages (SRPs) were selected. One of the SRPs used an Aspentech Edge Connect to integrate data from remote sensors into OSIsoft PI. The solution also included an Advantech SmartSwarm intelligent gateway with AdvantechWzzard wireless mesh nodes installed at remote locations across the plant. The Wzzard edge nodes supported temperature, ambient temperature, vibration, current and thermocouple sensors.
Every node has independent routing capabilities, so they form an extremely reliable, resilient, self-sustaining and scalable wireless mesh network. Individual nodes need not be within wireless range of the gateway - they route/reroute their data across nearby nodes to reach the destination. More nodes, with other sensors, can be added later.
Using the Wzzard™ mesh wireless sensor nodes and a SmartSwarm asset integration gateway, the powerplant can now collect and analyze remote sensor data. Instrument sensor readings flowing directly to OSIsoft PI using the OSF protocol. If conditions divert from pre-determined thresholds, text message notifications report an alarm. Potential equipment failure and outages – and customer disruption – can be anticipated and prevented.
Key benefits of this Solution Ready Package: proprietary industrial interface and devices, CSA or equivalent safety standards, low cost, easy set-up, non-intrusive, small installation footprint, wireless/cellular connectivity integration into an existing network and preferred protocols, reliable powering considering plant conditions, plus scalable at a later date.
Sensor Data Screens
Sensor data collected via WzzardTM Industrial Edge Nodes
PI trend illustrating fluctuations in DCA and then improved level control.
Impact of heater level on DCA (i.e. temperature difference on Y-axis)
Advantech Wzzard Industrial Edge Nodes & SmartSwarm Gateway
- Ultra low power 802.15.4e SmartMesh IP technology
- Communicates with SmartSwarm network gateway via scalable and reliable wireless mesh network
- Wzzard’s wireless mesh network covers distances where wired networks would be cost prohibitive
- Monitored machines need no data ports – Wzzard collects data via external, non-intrusive overlay of sensors
- Works with industry standard analog or digital sensors
- Real-time status, data, alerts, configuration via computer, Android tablet or smart phone –wherever it is useful
- Preset alert levels provide real-time text message or email notifications of exceeded thresholds
- Data analytics help predict failures to reduce downtime and related costs
- MQTT and JSON IoT protocol to application platform
- UL Class1/Division 2 (hazardous locations)